Charmed MySQL

  • By Canonical Data Platform
  • Cloud
Channel Revision Published Runs on
8.0/stable 196 29 Sep 2023
Ubuntu 22.04
8.0/candidate 196 27 Sep 2023
Ubuntu 22.04
8.0/beta 196 25 Sep 2023
Ubuntu 22.04
8.0/edge 203 01 Dec 2023
Ubuntu 22.04
juju deploy mysql --channel 8.0/stable
Show information



Enable Security in your MySQL deployment

:information_source: Hint: Use Juju 3. Otherwise replace juju integrate ... with juju relate ... for Juju 2.9.

This is part of the Charmed MySQL Tutorial. Please refer to this page for more information and the overview of the content.

Transport Layer Security (TLS)

TLS is used to encrypt data exchanged between two applications; it secures data transmitted over the network. Typically, enabling TLS within a highly available database, and between a highly available database and client/server applications, requires domain-specific knowledge and a high level of expertise. Fortunately, the domain-specific knowledge has been encoded into Charmed MySQL. This means (re-)configuring TLS on Charmed MySQL is readily available and requires minimal effort on your end.

The production ready TLS Certificates Charm is available on CharmHub. It centralizes TLS certificate management in a consistent manner and handles providing, requesting, and renewing TLS certificates. As for the tutorial purpose, we will choose simplified analogue Self Signed Certificates. Again, relations come in handy here as TLS is enabled via relations; i.e. by relating Charmed MySQL to the “Self Signed Certificates” charm.

Configure TLS

Before enabling TLS on Charmed MySQL we must first deploy the self-signed-certificates charm:

juju deploy self-signed-certificates --channel edge

Wait until the self-signed-certificates is up and active, use juju status --watch 1s to monitor the progress:

Model     Controller  Cloud/Region         Version  SLA          Timestamp
tutorial  overlord    localhost/localhost  2.9.42   unsupported  00:40:42+01:00

App                        Version          Status  Scale  Charm                      Channel     Rev  Exposed  Message
mysql                      8.0.32-0ubun...  active      2  mysql                      8.0/stable  147  no
self-signed-certificates                    active      1  self-signed-certificates   edge        27   no

Unit                          Workload  Agent  Machine  Public address  Ports  Message
mysql/0*                      active    idle   0         Primary
mysql/1                       active    idle   1
self-signed-certificates/1*   active    idle   6

Machine  State    Address         Inst id        Series  AZ  Message
0        started  juju-ff9064-0  jammy       Running
1        started  juju-ff9064-1  jammy       Running
6        started   juju-ff9064-6  focal       Running

Note: this tutorial uses self-signed certificates; self-signed certificates should not be used in a production cluster.

Add external TLS certificate

To enable TLS on Charmed MySQL, integrate the two applications:

juju integrate mysql self-signed-certificates

Check the TLS certificate in use:

Use openssl to connect to the MySQL and check the TLS certificate in use:

> openssl s_client -starttls mysql -connect | grep Issuer
depth=1 C = US, CN = self-signed-certificates-operator

Congratulations! MySQL is now using TLS certificate generated by the external application self-signed-certificates.

Remove external TLS certificate

To remove the external TLS and return to the locally generate one, unrelate applications:

juju remove-relation mysql self-signed-certificates

Check the TLS certificate in use:

> openssl s_client -starttls mysql -connect | grep Issuer

The output should be similar to:

depth=1 CN = MySQL_Server_8.0.32_Auto_Generated_CA_Certificate

The Charmed MySQL application reverted to the placeholder certificate that was created locally during the MySQL server installation.

Help improve this document in the forum (guidelines). Last updated 2 months ago.