Charmed PostgreSQL K8s

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14/stable 280 28 Jun 2024
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juju deploy postgresql-k8s --channel 14/stable
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Charmed PostgreSQL K8s Tutorial > 6. Integrate with other applications

Integrate with other applications

Integrations, known as “relations” in Juju 2.9, are the easiest way to create a user for PostgreSQL in Charmed PostgreSQL K8s.

Integrations automatically create a username, password, and database for the desired user/application. As mentioned earlier in 3. Access PostgreSQL , it is a better practice to connect to PostgreSQL via a specific user rather than the admin user.

In this section, you will integrate your Charmed PostgreSQL K8s with another application.

Summary


Deploy data-integrator

In this tutorial, we will relate to the data-integrator charm. This is a bare-bones charm that allows for central management of database users, providing support for different kinds of data platforms (e.g. PostgreSQL, MySQL, MongoDB, Kafka, etc) with a consistent, opinionated and robust user experience.

To deploy the data-integrator charm, run the following command:

juju deploy data-integrator --channel edge --config database-name=test-database

Expected output:

Located charm "data-integrator" in charm-hub, revision 6
Deploying "data-integrator" from charm-hub charm "data-integrator", revision 6 in channel edge on jammy

juju status will show a blocked state for the newly deployed charm. This is expected, since the applications have not yet been related (integrated).

Example juju status output:

Model     Controller  Cloud/Region        Version  SLA          Timestamp
tutorial  charm-dev   microk8s/localhost  2.9.42   unsupported  12:11:53+01:00

App              Version  Status   Scale  Charm            Channel    Rev  Address         Exposed  Message
data-integrator           waiting      1  data-integrator  edge       6    10.152.183.66   no       installing agent
postgresql-k8s            active       2  postgresql-k8s   14/stable  56   10.152.183.167  no

Unit                Workload    Agent  Address       Ports  Message
data-integrator/0*  blocked     idle   10.1.188.211         Please relate the data-integrator with the desired product
postgresql-k8s/0*   active      idle   10.1.188.206
postgresql-k8s/1    active      idle   10.1.188.209

Integrate with PostgreSQL

Now that the data-integrator charm has been set up, we can relate it to PostgreSQL. This will automatically create a username, password, and database for data-integrator.

Integrate the two applications with the following command:

juju integrate data-integrator postgresql-k8s

Wait for juju status --watch 1s to show all applications/units as active:

Model     Controller  Cloud/Region        Version  SLA          Timestamp
tutorial  charm-dev   microk8s/localhost  2.9.42   unsupported  12:12:12+01:00

App              Version  Status   Scale  Charm            Channel    Rev  Address         Exposed  Message
data-integrator           waiting      1  data-integrator  edge        6   10.152.183.66   no       installing agent
postgresql-k8s            active       2  postgresql-k8s   14/stable  56   10.152.183.167  no

Unit                Workload    Agent  Address       Ports  Message
data-integrator/0*  active      idle   10.1.188.211
postgresql-k8s/0*   active      idle   10.1.188.206
postgresql-k8s/1    active      idle   10.1.188.209

To retrieve information such as the username, password, and database, run the command

juju run data-integrator/leader get-credentials

This should output something like:

unit-data-integrator-0:
  UnitId: data-integrator/0
  id: "12"
  results:
    ok: "True"
    postgresql:
      database: test-database
      endpoints: postgresql-k8s-primary.tutorial.svc.cluster.local:5432
      password: WHnROd8wqzQKzd4F
      read-only-endpoints: postgresql-k8s-replicas.tutorial.svc.cluster.local:5432
      username: relation_id_3
      version: "14.5"
  status: completed
  timing:
    completed: 2023-03-20 11:12:26 +0000 UTC
    enqueued: 2023-03-20 11:12:25 +0000 UTC
    started: 2023-03-20 11:12:26 +0000 UTC

Note that your hostnames, usernames, and passwords will likely be different.

Use endpoints, username, password from above to connect newly created database test-database on the PostgreSQL server:

> psql --host=10.1.188.206 --username=relation_id_3 --password test-database
Password:
...
test-database=> \l
...
 test-database | operator | UTF8     | en_US.UTF-8 | en_US.UTF-8 | =Tc/operator              +
               |          |          |             |             | operator=CTc/operator     +
               |          |          |             |             | relation_id_3=CTc/operator
...

The newly created database test-database is also available on all other PostgreSQL cluster members:

> psql --host=10.89.49.209 --username=relation-3 --password --list
...
 test-database | operator | UTF8     | en_US.UTF-8 | en_US.UTF-8 | =Tc/operator              +
               |          |          |             |             | operator=CTc/operator     +
               |          |          |             |             | relation_id_3=CTc/operator
...

When you relate two applications, Charmed PostgreSQL K8s automatically sets up a new user and database for you. Note the database name we specified when we first deployed the data-integrator charm: --config database-name=test-database.

Remove the user

Removing the integration automatically removes the user that was created when the integration was created. Enter the following to remove the integration:

juju remove-relation postgresql-k8s data-integrator

Now try again to connect to the same PostgreSQL you just used in the previous section:

> psql --host=10.1.188.206 --username=relation_id_3 --password --list

This will output an error message like the one shown below:

psql: error: connection to server at "10.1.188.206", port 5432 failed: FATAL:  password authentication failed for user "relation_id_3"

This is because the user no longer exists, as expected. Remember, juju remove-relation postgresql-k8s data-integrator also removes the user.

Data remains on the server at this stage.

If you want to create a user again, integrate the applications again:

juju integrate data-integrator postgresql-k8s

Re-integrating generates a new user and password:

juju run data-integrator/leader get-credentials

You can then connect to the database with these new credentials. From here you will see all of your data is still present in the database.

Next step: 7. Enable TLS


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